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Author Topic: simple circuit: Component & voltage tester  (Read 2236 times)
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zokij
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« on: May 31, 2008, 02:54:24 02:54 »

Component & voltage tester


This simple circuit tests speakers, microphones, transformers and voltage. It's basically a very low frequency
oscillator that produces extremely short 'fruity' pulses. The type of sound produced is very easy to hear and to
determine the precise direction it is coming from, thus making it ideal for checking the phasing in multiple speaker
installations. It is also very useful for car stereo installations as well as public address systems where it can drive
dozens of speakers directly on a 100V or 70V line system.

The signal is also easy to hear on a public address system so that you can drive around a large installation with the
window down and easily hear each speaker as you drive past. It is easy to check that a speaker is in phase with its
neighbours, by listening for the artificial centre created between two identical sound sources.

Q1 and Q2 oscillate when connected to loads between zero and about 1000Ω. The frequency increases as the
resistance of the load increases - 8Ω loads produce about 8Hz output while 100Ω loads will produce about 100Hz
output, although it is only approximate.

The unit is also useful for checking dynamic microphones (not condenser types), headphones, transformers
(both audio and mains) and resistance loads (only visual checks via the LED).
The pulses produced can sound too loud for some delicate circuits such as dynamic microphones and headphones,
but the pulse is so short that it is virtually impossible to do any damage; the average current flow is only a few milliamps.
The circuit needs no power switch as the oscillator only operates when the negative side of the battery is
connected through the load being tested.
The LED flashes at each pulse as a visual indication that the load is lower than about 1000Ω.
The circuit works from a 3V battery pack.

To use a 9V battery change:
the 15Ω resistor to 47Ω,
the 1.8Ω resistor to 5.6Ω
and the .033µF capacitor to .01µF.

LED2, diode D1, zener diode ZD1 and the series 220Ω resistor form a voltage indicator which is used to detect and
indicate any voltage greater than about 10V. LED2 only illuminates if the voltage rises above the threshold set by
ZD1 and D1, which is more than the battery voltage (3V or 9V). These components can be omitted if the device is not
going to be used for working on cars. However, it's quite handy having a device that can check power wires, shorts to
chassis and speakers in a car.
« Last Edit: September 04, 2009, 11:11:10 23:11 by zokij » Logged
yoda
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« Reply #1 on: September 01, 2009, 03:05:31 15:05 »

Zokij, where has the circuit gone?  It's blank overhere.
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zokij
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Nice time :)


« Reply #2 on: September 04, 2009, 11:12:25 23:12 »

 Wink

here is back again...  Roll Eyes


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